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La espergura

 

Llega la primavera y con ella otra nueva fase del trabajo en el viñedo, en la que el hombre vuelve a ser parte activa: la llamada espergura o poda en verde.

Consiste en eliminar en primavera los brotes -llamados chupones- de la madera vieja, tronco y brazos de la cepa, para facilitar el mejor desarrollo de los pámpanos que brotan en los pulgares y son portadores de los racimos. Los chupones, a lo que algunos llaman mamones, por lo general, no tienen fruto y sólo en algunos casos se suele dejar uno o varios de ellos para reconducir la cepa o reconstruirla a veces por entera si fuera necesario. La tarea en Bodegas BAIGORRI se realiza a mano, aunque también es posible rhacerla de manera mecánica y química, por lo que resulta gravosa pero imprescindible para producir uvas de alta calidad.
 

A continuación os presentamos unas imagenes de la espergura en nuestra Finca BAIGORRI, viñedo joven planteado en 2007 con una selección masal de vides de la variedad Tempranillo:

 

 

 

 

 

 

En resumen es una selección de los mejores brotes,  así también se eliminan las hojas sobrantes para que los rayos de sol lleguen más homogéneamente y además se ahorra trabajo de poda en invierno, puesto que los brotes verdes que se eliminen, no darán lugar a sarmientos.

Por lo que los objetivos de la espergura, entre otros, son los siguientes:

  1. La selección de los mejores brotes de la vid desde el punto de vista fructífero y la eliminación de los brotes que puedan competir con estos
  2. La mejora del microclima de la cepa por eliminación de la ramificación “sobrante”.
  3. La ayuda en la formación de la estructura de la cepa y ahorro en las labores de poda en invierno. Con la eliminación de brotes en verde evitamos la poda de los sarmientos en época adulta (como consecuencia de esta acción la espergura se denomina también poda en verde).

 

 

 

En La Rioja la forma más utilizada es espergurar, pero también se dice: escardar (Uruñuela), esparrar (Alcanadre), esforijinar (Cornago)…

  17.05.2013. 11:04

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